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Mammography

Mammography is the most important method for the early detection and diagnosis of breast cancer (mammary carcinoma). Breast changes can be visualised on the mammogram.

These changes may be further investigated by ultrasound and sometimes by MRI. Even very small tumours can be detected at an early stage. Mammography appointments are planned in such a way that a supplementary mammary sonography can be carried out immediately after the mammography. If necessary, punctures or punch biopsies may also be scheduled at short notice.

Examination

Preparation

  • Please inform us if you are pregnant
  • The examination should preferably be performed within the first 10 days after the start of menstruation, as the breasts are less sensitive to pressure at this stage
  • Do not apply body lotion, powder or deodorant on the day of your examination, as these may contain metal particles which will affect the X-ray image

What to bring along

  • Please bring any X-rays from previous examinations with you if you have them at home
  • Health insurance card

Procedure

The examination is carried out by a medical-technical specialist MTRA. She will explain the procedure step by step. To obtain a qualitative and meaningful image, it is important to compress the breast for a few seconds. This may be unpleasant or sometimes even a little painful. Stronger breast compressions yield better quality images which are more informative, this in turn reduces your radiation exposure. Two images are typically taken of each breast in different positions. In some rare cases, specifically targeted images may also be taken. The mammography will take a few minutes, but the compression of the breast will only last a few seconds.

The radiologist will then view the images. Mammograms are routinely reviewed by two independent radiologists in accordance with the dual control principle. Images are then sent to the referring physician together with the report for further discussion with the patient.

Any breast cancer findings are presented and reviewed by our interdisciplinary breast centre team. Our experts then jointly agree on an optimal therapy for the patient.

After the examination

No particular actions are required.